Forests of biological richness

The share of forest in Estonia is remarkable, about half of the country is forested in total 2,3 million hectares. Estonian forests feature the characteristics of Scandinavian forests with dominance of pine (32%), spruce (19%) and birch (30%) by area. Forestry among the timber and wood industry contributes 4,6% to the Estonian GDP in 2016.

In year 1991 the Estonian state decided to launch the land restitution process, aiming to give back the land to private hands and restore the properties as they were 1918. By the end of 2015 approximately 1,1 M/ha which is 47% of the total forest surface are owned by family or private forest owners (physical and legal entities), altogether approx. 113 000 people. The average holding size is about 10,0 ha making forestry business a difficult venture.


Forest area:

2,3 M ha = 51,0 % of the mainland areaProduction:
Annual increment: ~15,0 mil m3/year 
Annual fellings (2015): 10,1 M m3/year
Growing stock in total (2015): 475 M m3
Average volume per hectare (2015): 221 m3

Estonian Private Forest Union

The Estonian Private Forest Union (EPFU) was established as an organization by the most active forest owners in 1992. It is an umbrella organization for local forest owner associations and altogether 21 local associations are members. EPFU represents the interest of private forest owners, participates actively in forest policy and in the legislative process and guarantees that private forest owners needs and rights are taken into account. Being a member of various EU and worldwide forest organizations in the interest of Estonian private forestry and keeping contact with similar to EPFU organizations, EPFU is engaged actively in international co-operation. Local forest owner associations have been set up to unite individual forest owners on a county or community level. Local associations provide members with advice and trainings and organize and provide services for joint silvicultural actions. 

Chairman:  Mr. Mikk Link

Adviser to the Board: Mr. Arpo Kullerkupp


Mail contact:

Mustamäe tee 50 (III floor)
10621, Tallinn

Tel number: +372 525 1026


For more information about EPFU, please see their presentation below.